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Wednesday, 22 October 2014
 
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 DVD FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
DVD-R, DVD-RW, DVD-R Media, DVD-RW Media
View our low prices on the following formats...

DVD - Articles by Verbatim and Panasonic
DVD 4X Writing Issues - Verbatim Article
DVD-R Authoring vs. General Media: What's the Difference?

DVD - Frequently Asked Questions
What is a hub printable DVD?
Is it important to match the correct type of DVD-R media (authoring or general) with specific DVD-R recorders?
I understand what the R and RW indicators mean. What does the "+" or "-"mean in DVD+R versus DVD-R?
Free firmware update from Pioneer that ensures 4x DVD R media is safe to use with their drives

DVD - Frequently Asked Questions - Maxell 2004
CD & DVD Media Compatibility / Playback Chart
What is pre-recorded DVD?
What is blank DVD?
What does "DVD" stand for?
What are the benefits and advantages of blank DVD's?
What are the differences between DVD's and CD's?
What are the different types of DVD's?
How do DVD's compare to a videotape?
What quality is DVD-Video?
What is DVD-Audio?
Will a pre-recorded DVD audio disc sound better than a pre-recorded music CD?
How should DVD's be cared for?
Should I affix labels on DVD's?
Can CD-R recorders write DVD's?
Are audio CD's compatible with DVD players?
What is the capacity of a single sided 12cm DVD disc?
What is meant by "dual layer", and how does it differ from a single-layer disc?
Will my current DVD burner be able to record to dual layer DVD media?
Will DVD's eventually replace CD's and CD-ROM's?
What are the blank recordable versions of DVD?
Why can DVD RAM be written over 100,000 times?
How long will DVD's last?
What are the differences between the three re-recordable types?
What equipment is needed to use an audio DVD disc?
What equipment is needed to play a DVD video?
Can a pre-recorded DVD movie or DVD audio disc be copied onto blank DVD media?
Can a CD be copied onto a DVD blank media disc?
What makes DVD+R write once and DVD RAM, RW and +RW rewritable?
What is meant by DVD-5, DVD-9, DVD-10, and DVD-18?
What are DVD dual format or DVD multi-format recorders?
What types of printable DVD's are available, and what are their applications?
How does DVD Camcorder differ from the standard size DVD formats?
Will 8cm mini DVD-R media record and playback in Hitachi DVD RAM camcorders?
Can I playback the 8cm mini DVD-R / RAM Video Camcorder disc in my DVD video player?
DVD 4X Writing Issues on 2X Drives - Verbatim Article
DVD-R 4X speed discs are NOT backward compatible on 2X DVD-R drives manufactured by Pioneer (including 2X drives OEM'd by Pioneer for those like Apple, Sony, Compaq and other 2X speed DVD-R/-RW drives), UNLESS the drives' firmware has been updated.

If the 2X drive firmware has been updated with the LATEST version (see www.dvdhs.com), the drive will record 4X DVD-R media at 2X speed.

If the drive firmware has NOT been updated, using 4X media can cause damage to the 2X drive.

This is a Pioneer hardware issue, not a Verbatim DVD-R media issue. Verbatim is certified by all 2X and 4X drive manufacturers.

All users of 2X DVD-R drives should consult their hardware manufacturer. In general, 4X drives can write to 4X, 2X, or 1X speed DVD-R discs, but the 4X drive will record 2X media at 2X speed, and 1X media at 1x speed.

The above statement applies only to the DVD-R format (not DVD+R), but it is recommended to update the firmware of DVD+R/RW drives as higher speed media enters the market to maximize compatibility. The combo drives on the market are all 4X.

Note - this is a writing issue, not a reading issue. Once a disc is recorded by a DVD drive at any speed, it can be read by other DVD drives/recorders, DVD-ROM players, and DVD video players.

Article Keywords: dvd, dvd burner, dvd r, dvd-r, dvd rw, dvd-rw, dvd recorder, dvd+r, dvd+rw, dvd-r media, dvd r media, blank dvd-r, blank dvd r, blank dvd r media, blank dvd-r media, verbatim dvd r, 4x dvd -r, 4x dvd r, 2x dvd r, 2x dvd-r, dvd r drive, dvd r drive compatibility, dvd-r drive compatibility, panasonic dvd r, panasonic dvd r drive, 4x dvd r media, 4x dvd-r media, firmware update, damage dvd r drive, 2x firmware update, dvd panasonic problem

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DVD-R Authoring vs. General Media: What's the Difference?
Panasonic Article
Key Points of This Paper
  • There are two types of DVD-R media:

    o DVD-R for Authoring (635 nm wavelength recording sensitivity)
    o DVD-R for General (650nm wavelength recording sensitivity)

  • Each type of DVD-R disc must be recorded on the proper drive (see chart below).

  • Both types of DVD-R media can be played equally well on any DVD video player or DVD-ROM drive that supports DVD-R playback. Playback devices do not care which type of DVD-R media was used for recording.

  • DVD-R for Authoring media can be recorded only on the Pioneer DVD-S201 and DVR-S101 (3.95GB only)

  • DVD-R for General media can be recorded only on the Pioneer DVDR-A03 and DVR-103 (OEM) droves. As well as the VR-2000 set top video recorder.

  • Either type of DVD-R disc can contain any type of information, including authored DVD video titles

  • CSS encrypted video programs cannot be stored on either type of DVD-R media
Pioneer DVD-R Recorder DVD-R 
Media Supported
Capacity
DVR-S101 Authoring 3.95 GB only
DVR-S201 Authoring 3.95 and 4.7 GB
DVR-A03, DVR-103 (OEM) General 4.7 GB only
DVR-2000 (set top video recorder) General 4.7 GB only

Introduction

There are now two different types of DVD Recordable (DVD-R) media: DVD-R for Authoring and DVD-R for General. It is important to understand how these two formats differ, and just as importantly, how they are alike. In a nutshell, it's important to match the correct type of DVD-R media with specific DVD-R recorders, but after recording, either type can be used for playback on any playback device that supports DVD-R.

Background

DVD-R is an official member of the DVD Forum's family of formats. Its write-once characteristic allows users to make their own DVD discs, very similar to how CD-Rs are recorded. As with CD-R, playback compatibility is one of DVD-R's most important attributes - nearly all existing DVD video players and DVD-ROM drives will play one or both of the two available disc capacities (3.95 or 4.75 billion bytes). Another key feature is the security inherent in DVD-R's write-once nature - no one can accidentally erase valuable information once it's been recorded. And because at least one media manufacturer (Pioneer) specifies a 100-year life expectancy of recorded DVD-R discs, the format is well suited for long term archival applications.

Until early 2001, DVD-R was used primarily in professional applications such as video authoring and storage of imaging data. For DVD authoring users, DVD-R allows testing and approval of finished titles prior to mass production, and can even be used by some replicators as the final program source in place of DLT tape. In many cases, recorded DVD-R discs are the finished product when only a few discs are needed for deployment in vertical applications such as museums or videowalls in retail stores. In medical environments, x-rays, CT-scans and ultrasound video images are stored in automated DVD-R library systems to provide physicians much faster access to information as well as better reliability than tape solutions. In the banking industry, the format is used for storage and retrieval of checks and credit card receipt images generated each day in retail transactions.

During this initial three year period, the underlying technology of theses professional applications employed 63 nanometer (nm) lasers for writing information to 3.95 and 4.7 GB DVD-R discs. This technology has allowed DVD-R products to become vital and dependable components of many DVD authoring suites and library systems around the world.

Two Formats for Two Markets: Professional and Consumer

To support consumer applications for DVD-R, the DVD Forum determined that another type of DVD-R media was necessary. The newest member of the DVD-R family uses a recording wavelength of 650nm, and discs are recorded on different drives than the existing 635nm format. This new format is called "DVD-R for General", because it is aimed at a broad base of applications. Meanwhile, the existing 635nm format has been renamed "DVD-R for Authoring" to reflect its used in professional applications.

Why are there two formats? The key reason for the introduction of DVD-R for General media is that it contains content protection measures that make it physically impossible to make bit-for-bit copies of CSS encrypted entertainment titles.

Meanwhile, the 4.7 GB Authoring media specification has introduced a new and unique feature that is potentially quite valuable to professional users: the Cutting Master Format (CMF). CMF allows 4.7 GB Authoring media to be used as a direct replacement for DLT master tapes when submitting a title for replication, thus saving valuable time in the final authoring stage. This is accomplished by using a portion of the DVD-R disc's lead-in area to store the DDP (Disc Description Protocol) header information normally used on DLT master tapes. The CMF capability is one reason why Pioneer anticipates that Authoring drives and media will continue to be utilized in the professional DVD environment; general media does not accommodate this feature.

Either type of DVD-R media can be used for DVD video authoring, which is the process of preparing video content for use in DVD video players. It should be noted, however, that CSS encryption cannot be used with either type of DVD-R media.

Recording Compatibility

The two types of DVD-R media use different recording laser wavelengths, which means that the proper type of media must be recorded in the corresponding type of DVD-R drive. Authoring media must be recorded in either a DVR-S101 (3.95 GB only) drive or a DVR-S201 (both capacities) drive, and General media must be recorded in a General drive such as the DVR-A03 or DVR-2000 video set top recorder. Pioneer expects that future drives, including those from other manufacturers, will most likely be General type drives.

Playback Compatibility

For playback, there is no compatibility consideration. Both Authoring and General DVD-R media can be played back equally well in any DVD video players or DVD-ROM drive that supports DVD-R (most existing models).

Article Keywords: dvd, dvd-r, dvd r, dvd authoring, dvd general, dvd-r authoring, dvd-r general, dvd general media, dvd authoring media, differences authoring and general dvd media, dvd-r for authoring, dvd-r for general, dvd r for authoring, dvd r for general, dvd-r playback, dvd r playback

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What is a hub printable DVD?
A hub printable DVD is printable essentially up to the spindle hole, a non hub printable DVD has a mirror or clear plastic band around the hole that is not printable.

Hub Printable DVD vs / versus / difference non hub printable DVD

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Is it important to match the correct type of DVD-R media (Authoring or General) with specific DVD-R recorders?
Yes, but after recording either type can be used for playback on any playback device that supports DVD-R. The two types of DVD-R media use different recording laser wavelengths, which means that the proper type of media must be recorded in the corresponding type of DVD-R drive i.e. General media in a General recording device and Authoring media in an Authoring recording device.

For playback there is no compatibility consideration. Both Authoring and General DVD-R media can be played back equally well in any DVD video player or DVD-ROM drive that supports DVD-R.

Please see Pioneer's white paper on the differences between Authoring and General DVD-Rs for more details

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DVD disc differences - I understand the R and RW indicators mean. What does the "+" or "-"mean in DVD+R versus DVD-R?
They are actually different formats,. which require different equipment to record on. Eg Pioneer's are a DVD-R/RW format. HP/Sony has come up with a different recording system, the DVD+R/RW system, and then off course there is the DVD-RAM system...

All of these 3 are supposed to be able to play back on any DVD machine, but when you want to record a disc, you have the make sure the DVD-recorder you have, and the disc are the same format. You cannot put a +RW disc in a -RW machine - it won't record.

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Free firmware update from Pioneer that ensures 4x DVDR media is safe to use with their drives.
Pioneer DVD-R/RW Computer Drives and DVD Recorders Require Firmware Update for New High Speed Discs. See the Pioneer article at http://www.pioneerelectronics.com/hs/ for more details. You may also find the http://www.dvdhs.com/ site helpful as it provides support information for recording to new high-speed DVD-R/RW.

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DVD. Frequently Asked Questions - Maxell 2004
http://www.maxellcanada.com/faqs/computer_media/dvd.htm
http://www.maxell.com/Content/Pages/Page.asp?Section=FAQs&Department=datamedia_faq&Line=optical_faq

What is pre-recorded DVD?
Pre-recorded DVD is product that a consumer can purchase at retail stores. It can be in the form of DVD movies (Gladiator), DVD audio (Santana-Abraxas) and DVD-ROM's (Encyclopedia Britannica)

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What is blank DVD?
Blank DVD is a recordable version of DVD. Blank DVD can be either DVD-R (Write once), DVD- RAM, RW, or +RW (Rewritables).

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What does "DVD" stand for?
The acronym "DVD" stands for "Digital Versatile Disc". It was also known as "Digital Video Disc", but it is not limited to video data. DVD's can also store data and audio information.

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What are the benefits and advantages of blank DVD's ?
Because of their capacity and enhanced video and audio capabilities, DVD's can be used as an alternative to video tapes for movies and as an alternative to video tapes for movies and as an alternative to CD-ROM's for computer data. DVD is also great for home video archiving. DVD unlike videotape, will not degrade with age or after several playbacks. Depending on the format, re-recordable DVD's can be recorded from 1,000 to 100,000 times.

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What are the differences between DVD's and CD's?
A DVD can hold much more data than a CD. Some DVD's are recorded on both sides, to store both wide screen and standard versions of a movie. Whereas a CD, is only recorded on one side.

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What are the different types of DVD's?
There are DVD video's (movies), write once DVD's, rewritable DVD's, DVD-ROM's (read-only computer information) and audio DVD's (music), and mini DVD's for camcorder applications.


How do DVD's compare to a videotape?
DVD's are more flexible in terms of their features. For example, with a DVD video disc you are able to directly access certain scenes of a movie. DVD's are also very reliable and more durable. DVD's offer a much higher picture quality in terms of video resolution.

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What quality is DVD-Video?
DVD-Video can produce studio quality video. DVD is superior to videotape and is better than laser disc.

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What is DVD-Audio?
DVD-Audio was introduced late in the year 2000. Panasonic, Technics, Pioneer, JVC and Yamaha manufacture DVD-Audio players. The primary advantages of DVD Audio are enhanced sound and additional playback features. There are currently over 200 DVD-Audio titles available.


Will a pre-recorded DVD audio disc sound better than a pre-recorded music CD?
Yes, the audio on a pre-recorded DVD Audio disc is far superior to that of a standard CD audio disc. The greater storage capacity of a DVD allows for higher fidelity audio formats such as 6-channel surround, DTS (Digital Theatre Sound), and Dolby Digital audio.

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How should DVD's be cared for?
DVD's should be treated basically the same way a CD is treated. Keep your discs and the inside of your player free from dust and debris. Be careful not to scratch the top or bottom surfaces of the disc, and keep them away from extreme temperatures and humidity. Write only with a soft, water based, felt tip marker.

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Should I affix labels on DVD's?
DVD labels are not recommended since they can adversely affect disc balance and can damage the drive if they peel off while in use.

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Can CD-R recorders write DVD's?
No. CD-R writers/burners cannot write recordable DVD's. However, there are some DVD recordable drives that can write CD-R's & CD-RW's. It should also be noted that CD players and recorders cannot read or play DVD's.

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Are audio CD's compatible with DVD players?
Yes. All DVD players and computer DVD-ROM drives will play audio CD's.

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What is the capacity of a single sided 12cm DVD disc?
A single-sided single-layer disc can hold 4.7GB of data or two (2) hours of video in standard recording mode. It will also hold 6 hours of CD quality audio. A single-sided dual-layer disc can hold 8.5GB of data, four (4) hours of DVD quality video, or 16 hours of VHS quality video.

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What is meant by "dual layer", and how does it differ from a single-layer disc?
Dual layer (DL) DVD has actually been around for some time on pre-recorded DVD's, and now the latest advancements in technology have just recently enabled the development of dual layer recordable DVD. The dual layer disc actually contains two separate layers that can be accessed from a single side of the disc, almost doubling the capacity of a single-layer disc without having to flip it over to access the additional capacity. Dual layer recordable discs will have a single-sided capacity of 8.5GB, and will be play back compatible with existing DVD players and drives.

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Will my current DVD burner be able to record to dual layer DVD media?
No, existing DVD recorders will not be able to record to dual layer DVD media. Only the latest recorders that are designed specifically for use with dual layer media will be able to do so. The debut recording speed for the dual layer DVD+R (the first dual layer recordable media to be introduced to the market) will be 2.4X

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Will DVD's eventually replace CD's and CD-ROM's?
Since there is good support for the DVD format in the electronics industry, there is a high probability that over the next ten years, DVD's will replace CD's.


What are the blank recordable versions of DVD?
There are currently 3 types authorized by the DVD Forum: DVD-R, for one time recording, and DVD-RAM & DVD-RW for re-recording. DVD+RW is a fourth format, re-recordable format, not authorized by the DVD Forum, along with DVD+R, for one time recording.

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Why can DVD RAM be written over 100,000 times?
DVD Ram has 9 internal recording surfaces as compared to 3 internal recording surfaces for DVD-RW and DVD +RW. DVD Ram's metal alloy was created for computer use and therefore affords DVD Ram a far greater number of rewrites.

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How long will DVD's last?
Pre-recorded DVD movies can last anywhere from 50 to 300 years. Blank write once discs, DVD-R, will last anywhere from 30 to 50 years after being recorded. The blank rewritable formats, DVD-RAM, DVD-RW, DVD+RW, can last anywhere from 25 to 100 years after recording.

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What are the differences between the three re-recordable types?
DVD-RAM is a re-recordable/erasable format. It has a single side capacity of 4.7 GB, and can be re-written about 100,000 times. DVD-RAM is the format of choice for such manufacturers as Hitachi, Toshiba & Panasonic. It is playable in some DVD computer drives and consumer players.

DVD-RW is also a re-recordable /erasable format. It was developed by Pioneer and is playable in many DVD computer drives and consumer players. It has a capacity of 4.7 GB and can be re-written over 1,000 times.

DVD+RW is another re-recordable/erasable DVD format. It has a capacity of 4.7 GB and can be re-written over 1,000 times. It is currently available and is supported by HP, Phillips, Ricoh and others, and is playable in many DVD computer drives and consumer players.

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What equipment is needed to use an audio DVD disc?
Most current DVD video players and DVD-ROM drives will also play pre-recorded audio DVD's.

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What equipment is needed to play a DVD video?
For a DVD video, you need a DVD player connected to your television or to your audio/video (surround-sound) system. You can also playback a DVD Video on a computer DVD ROM drive, but additional hardware and software will be required.


Can a pre-recorded DVD movie or DVD audio disc be copied onto blank DVD media?
When DVD recordable media was first introduced, the answer was no. Sophisticated copy protections methods were employed to render copying impossible. That has since changed with the introduction of software copying applications. Hollywood has taken legal action against the software companies who have developed these programs, the outcome of which is still pending at the time of this writing.

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Can a CD be copied onto a DVD blank media disc?
Yes, this is possible but the recording will sound the same as the CD source material - CD quality only.


What makes DVD+R write once and DVD RAM, RW and +RW rewritable?
DVD+R utilizes a dye similar to CD-R for recording. Once this dye is altered (burned/written) it cannot be changed (rewritten). The re-writable formats: DVD-RAM, DVD-RW, DVD+RW use a metal alloy material called phase-change, similar to what is used in CD-RW, to allow re-recording.

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What is meant by DVD-5, DVD-9, DVD-10, and DVD-18?
The DVD-(Number) acronym denotes the type of DVD and its approximate capacity. The translations are as follows:
DVD-5 is a single-sided, single-layer DVD with a capacity of 4.7GB (approx. 5GB)
DVD-9 is a single-sided, dual-layer DVD with a capacity of 8.5GB (approx. 9GB)
DVD-10 is a double-sided, single-layer DVD with a capacity of 9.4GB (approx. 10GB).
DVD-18 is a double-sided, double-layer DVD with a capacity of 17GB (approx. 18GB).

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What are DVD dual format or DVD multi-format recorders?
Many current DVD recorders, including those found in PC's and set top video recorders, are offering multi-format recording options by combining two or more formats into a single recorder. There are dual DVD±R/RW recorders that record to both the -R/RW and +R/RW formats; DVD-Multi format recorders that record to DVD-R, DVD-RW, and DVD-RAM; and DVD "Universal" recorders that record to -R/RW, +R/RW, and DVD-RAM (all of the recordable DVD formats).

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What types of printable DVD's are available, and what are their applications?
There are two basic types of printable surfaces for recordable DVD's - a shiny surface and a matte surface. Both surfaces are generally available in either white or silver. There are several different types of printers that are designed specifically for printing directly to the surface of CD/DVD media. Each printer uses either the matte or the shiny surface media, depending on which printing technique (thermal or inkjet) it employs. The shiny surface media is typically used in thermal printers where a smooth, glossy finish is essential to the thermal transfer process. Any imperfections in the disc surface could cause gaps or blank areas to appear in the printer image. The matte surfaces are designed for use with inkjet printers. The matte surface is engineered to be very porous so that it can quickly absorb the ink from the printer, enabling it to dry very quickly without running, bleeding or streaking.

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How does DVD Camcorder differ from the standard size DVD formats?
DVD Video Camcorder is a mini size DVD (8cm) with a recording capacity of 30 minutes on a single-side disc to 60 minutes on a double-side disc. In comparison, a standard size DVD Video is a 12cm disc and has a recording capacity of up to 120 minutes.

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Will 8cm mini DVD-R media record and playback in Hitachi DVD RAM camcorders?
Yes, Hitachi's newest second generation DVD RAM camcorder will play and record both DVD RAM mini and DVD-R mini.

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Can I playback the 8cm mini DVD-R / RAM Video Camcorder disc in my DVD video player?
You will be able to play the mini DVD-R discs (after finalization) in most set top DVD players, but playback of the DVD-RAM discs might be limited to players made by Hitachi, Panasonic, and Toshiba, or those that specifically state they are DVD-RAM compatible.

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CD & DVD Media Compatibility / Playback Chart
 
Media/Disc Type
Drives
CD-ROM
DVD-ROM
DVD Video
DVD-ROM Drive
    Yes   
 Yes 
   Yes   
 Yes
   Yes   
     DD     
     DD     
DD
Yes
DVD-R Recorder
Yes
Yes
DD
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
DVD-RAM Recorder
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
Yes
DVD-RW Recorder
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
DVD+RW
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
Yes
Yes
DVD-Video Player
No
DD
DD
No
Yes
DD
DD
Yes
Yes
Computer/Data Storage Applications
Consumer Video Applications
DD = Drive Dependent

* Chart specifies "Read" or "Playback" compatibility only

** Use this chart as a quick reference by first identifying the drives in the far left column and then reading across for the media options and compatibility

Sources for above Maxell DVD FAQ
http://www.maxellcanada.com/faqs/computer_media/dvd.htm
http://www.maxell.com/Content/Pages/Page.asp?Section=FAQs&Department=datamedia_faq&Line=optical_faq

DVD - Frequently Asked Questions Booklet. Maxell April 2004.

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View our low prices on the following formats


Formats Available Online


BATTERIES: DURACELL BATTERIES
CERTIFIED PRO MEDIA: CERTIFIED HDCAM MEDIA, CERTIFIED HDCAM SR MEDIA, CERTIFIED DIG BETACAM, CERTIFIED DVCAM MEDIA, CERTIFIED BETA SP MEDIA
DISCS: LINE 1 MEDIA BLU-RAY, BLU-RAY, CD-R DISCS, DVD FOR CAMCORDER, DVD-R, DVD+R, DVD+RW, DVD-RAM, LIGHTSCRIBE, XDCAM PRO DISC
VIDEO FORMATS: D-5 TAPES, PANASONIC PLAYBACK PAYBACK QUALIFYING PRODUCTS, Sony XDCAM Professional Disc, BETACAM SP, BETACAM SX, DIGITAL BETACAM, DIGITAL MASTER, DVCAM TAPE, DVCPRO / 50 / HD TAPE, HDCAM/HDCAM SR, HDV TAPES, LARGE DV, MINI DV TAPES, MPEG IMX, P2 CARDS, SxS MEMORY CARDS, SDHC MEMORY CARDS, VHS BULK / PACKAGED, XDCAM PROFESSIONAL DISC, OLDER / OTHER VIDEO FORMATS
DATA STORAGE MEDIA: LTO ULTRIUM TAPES, LTO CARTRIDGE ANALYZER, DLT + SDLT TAPES, AIT TAPES, T10K / T10000 TAPES, 4MM DDS TAPES, 8MM TAPES, ENTERPRISE - 1/2 INCH, OPTICAL DISKS, VXA TAPE, ECHO RECYCLED/CERTIFIED DATA MEDIA, OLDER / OTHER DATA TAPES
HARDWARE: DVD/CD ARCHIVAL UNIT, DISC DUPLICATORS/TOWER DUPLICATORS, DVD/CD/BD PRINTERS + DUPLICATORS, HARD DRIVES - STORAGE
USB/FLASH MEMORY: FLASH/USB DRIVES, COMPACT FLASH/XQD CARDS, MEMORY STICK CARDS, SDHC AND COMPACT FLASH MEMORY CARDS, SECURE DIGITAL HIGH CAPACITY (SDHC) CARDS
SOFTWARE: COPY PROTECTION
ACCESSORIES: CABLES & ADAPTERS, CLEARANCE ITEMS, BATTERIES, EXTENDED WARRANTIES, INKJET CARTRIDGES, CASES + SLEEVES, DISC PRINTER + COPIER ACCESSORY KITS, STORAGE CASES + RACKS, TAPE + DATA CLEANERS, THERMAL RIBBONS
AUDIO: AUDIO CASSETTES, DAT TAPES, SONY MINIDISC
SPECIALS/BUNDLES: MONEY SAVING BUNDLES, SPECIALS & CLEARANCE
 

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